Oil spill means the situation when the environment is under danger of pollution by petroleum items. Such spill can be caused by accident, which can occur unexpectedly on the oil platforms and boreholes or during the process of transportation.
For preventing the oil spills well experienced specialists and special equipment are required.
Oil spill response equipment can be placed on mobile arrangements for special devices and technic transportation on the place of accident irrespectively from the nature of pollution – water or ground.
Mobile complexes for accidental oil spill prevention are the capacious tanks or auto trains. Inside the container there are shelve stands for the placement of equipment, necessary for performance of cleaning operations.
Taking into account the peculiarities of the lie of the ground, climate and many other factors, there are elaborated different complements of portable mobile complexes of oil spill response, all of which have certain set of special means and devices to gather petroleum items from water or ground surface.
Practically the oil spill response equipment is chosen individually: petroleum items gathering, oil transportation and processing peculiarities in certain region and under certain conditions are taken into account.
In case of accident occurrence cleaning operations are performed in different ways:
·By petroleum items mechanical removal from water or ground surface (here are used oil gathering vessels, which separate oil from water column, and vacuum units, which gather petroleum items from the surface and pump them into special reservoirs, and also the power pumps to gather oil against gravity power) ;
·By physical or chemical impact on petroleum items ( the use of agents to absorb the oil from the environment, so called absorbents, or soil washing;
·Oil wastes processing with the help of microorganisms (biological cleaning method of the environment).
Flexible tanks for oil spill response of SPC “Politechnika” LLC manufacturing are used for gathering, storage and transportation of oil contaminants during oil spill response on the water or ground surface, and one more during planned works on the objects of pipeline type transport.
Completing with drain connections and filler tubes, respiratory vent pipes and fastenings, these tanks performs safe storage and petroleum products transportation.
Flexible tanks are used for:
·Temporary petroleum products storage organization;
·Oil spills accidents prevention;
·During the transportation into difficult to reach region and into pure water storage organizations.
There are two types of flexible tanks:
·Flexible pillow shape tanks: are on the market not long ago, but they had time to obtain popularity. They’re made of polyether materials with special two sided covering from polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride, which are chemically resistant to the stored products;
·Fabric tanks are the special tanks for gathering of oil sludges, and which are equipped with handles for loading and transportation. In empty state these light and compact tanks fill the minimum of place and can be delivered to the place of the accident by any transport, and be ready for work in a few seconds.
1. Temporary expenses and labor contributions decrease for the transportation, mounting and exploitation in comparison with usual means of oil sludges removal.
2. Durability thanks to strong materials – fiber glass, polyurethane and working temperatures range -60 – +85 degrees.
3. Equipment compactness and lightness.
4. Preparation works absence for placement on the platform.
5. Corrosion absence.
Oil spill response is a multifunctional complex of tasks, which is performed by different ways during the use of different technical means. And the general stage in all cases is the localization of spots to prevent the further pollution of environment.
The requirements for oil spill response plan elaboration for the ships are absent in national legislation, but there exists standard, which the marine companies are focused on. Plan has:
1. Cargo types placement scheme in tank vessels with the points of emptiness level in each tank vessel.
2. Data about empty tank vessels.
3. Recommendations or advices about the sequence of cargo loading and unloading.
4. Liquid fuel placement scheme on the ship.
Given plan is corrected correspondingly to the type of cargo and includes a big variety of conditions, individually for each case.
If the oil spill occurred on the ground, the arrangements of earth storages, dam and trenches, and different types of embankments are used. All depends on the size of a spill, its location, time of season and so on.
To prevent accidental oil spill such methods are used:
·Physical and chemical;
During the choice of oil spill response methods and equipment many factors are taken into account, but the main goal remains unchangeable: to perform all the works in short terms in order to prevent inconvertible damage to the environment by the accident.
If you are looking for the qualitative oil spill response equipment Scientific and Production Company “Politechnika” LLC is ready to offer you different equipment and our specialists will help to understand it. We are waiting for your call +7 (495) 783-01-67 or contact us per e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org